Chennault, wartime air commander in China, maintained that Soviet entry into the Far Eastern war brought about the surrender of Japan and would have done so "even if no atomic bombs had been dropped.
It is a new gadget to do the same horrific thing. If they could not, then he would have to decide whether circumstances warranted employment of a bomb that Stimson had already labeled as "the most terrible weapon ever known in human history.
The commander in chief of the U. But if this difficulty could be overcome, would the Japanese respond if terms were offered? The answers to these questions depended on factors not yet known.
This apparent contradiction is explained by the fact that the atomic bomb was considered to be capable of a psychological effect entirely apart from the damage wrought.
Ironically, many of the scientists involved in making the bomb had defected from Germany. Though her industries had been seriously crippled by air bombardment and naval blockade and her armed forces were critically deficient in many of the resources of war, Japan was still far from surrender.
For the other Asian states alone, the average probably ranged in the tens of thousands per month, but the actual numbers were almost certainly greater innotably due to the mass death in a famine in Vietnam.
Obama will specifically visit Memorial Park, which commemorates the event; he will be the first sitting American president to do so, although he does not plan to offer any sort of apology.
On the contrary, she has within the past century shown herself to possess extremely intelligent people Finletter take the same position in the article, "A Beginning for Sanity.
Leahy in his memoirs frankly admits this error. Page seemed to call for such hasty action.
It is equally difficult to assert categorically that the atomic bomb alone or Soviet intervention alone was the decisive factor in bringing the war to an end. The seizure of a ring of bases around Japan would disperse Allied forces even more than they already were, MacArthur pointed out, and if an attempt was made to seize positions on the China coast might very well lead to long-drawn-out operations on the Asiatic mainland.
Also present according to the minutes were Secretaries Stimson and James V. This feeling may unconsciously have made the atom bomb solution more attractive than it might otherwise have been.
It was wrong on strategic grounds. That is what I am trying to argue. It was to provide for just this contingency, as well as to pin down those forces during the invasion of  McCloy, Challenge to American Foreign Policy, p.
Blackett, one of the severest critics of the decision to use the bomb, accepted it. Page not a nation composed of mad fanatics of an entirely different mentality from ours. At the end of the war, only 52, were repatriated to Java. Official Protest On 11 Augustthe Japanese government filed an official protest over the atomic bombing to the U.
Viking Press, ; Statement of W. Byrnes, Speaking Frankly New York: According to the official Navy Department Library website, "The day Iwo Jima assault resulted in more than 26, American casualties, including 6, dead" with 19, wounded. It was founded on the premise that American morale was brittle and could be shattered by heavy losses in the initial invasion.
The components of the bombs had been sent by cruiser to Tinian in May and the fissionable material was flown out in mid-July.
Though the official position of the War Department still held that "Russian entry will have a profound military effect in that almost certainly it will materially shorten the war and thus save American lives,"  few responsible American officials were eager for Soviet intervention or as willing to make concessions as they had been at an earlier period.
Even without the attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it seemed highly unlikely, given what we found to have been the mood of the Japanese government, that a U.
Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. Since the defeat at Saipan, when Tojo had been forced to resign, the strength of the "peace army" had been increasing. Whether air bombardment and naval blockade or the threat of invasion would have produced an early surrender and averted the heavy losses almost certain to accompany the actual landings in Japan is a moot question.
The President displayed a deep interest in the subject and both Stimson and McCloy emphasized the importance of the "large submerged class in Japan who do not favor the present war and whose full opinion and influence had never yet been felt.
In Hiroshima they start with the bomb, although now they acknowledge there was a war that ended with the bomb. None of the Joint Chiefs ever made such a claim, although one inventive author has tried to make it appear that Leahy did by braiding together several unrelated passages from the admiral's memoirs.
Japan no longer had any allies, her navy was virtually destroyed, and she was increasingly vulnerable to air attack and naval blockade.
According to one Air Force account, The Japanese code of Bushido —the way of the warrior'—was deeply ingrained.What does this statement indicate about the use of the atomic bomb in World War II?
The leaders of Great Britain and the Soviet Union supported dropping the bomb. The development of an atomic bomb by the United States did which of these? Page Chapter The Decision To Use the Atomic Bomb.
by Louis Morton (See Chapter One for information on the author.) On 6 August the United States exploded an atomic bomb over Hiroshima and revealed to the world in one blinding flash the start of the atomic age. Can World War II actually be seen as two different wars one against Germany and one against Japan?
Did the USA have a 3rd atomic bomb to drop in Japan in World War II? Would Japan have surrendered during World War II if USA would have not dropped the atom bombs in sea?
Aug 06, · Here is some background information about the history of the atomic bomb, by the numbers. Here is some background information about the history of the atomic bomb, by the numbers.
Type of bomb built during WORLD WAR II that was more powerful than any built before it. Code name for the U.S. effort during World War II to produce the atomic bomb. WORLD WAR TWO. A war fought between between Axis/Allied powers.
Nov 18, · Watch video · Did you know? After World War II, most of Hiroshima would be rebuilt, though one destroyed section was set aside as a reminder of the effects of the atomic bomb.Download