The theory did not necessarily propose that leaders could adapt their leadership styles to different situations, but that leaders with different leadership styles would be more effective when placed in situations that matched their preferred style. It postulates that effective leaders have the ability to improve the motivation of followers by clarifying the paths and removing obstacles to high performance and desired objectives.
Someone using this style tells people what to do and expects them to jump to it. McGregor labels this style as Theory X.
In this leadership style, the leader consults with the group in order to make decisions. Transactional leadership focuses on role and task requirements and utilizes rewards contingent on performance.
Transformational leaders motivate others to do more than they originally intended and often even more than they thought possible. In democratic groups, the absence of the leader made little difference, while in autocratic groups productive work dropped to a minimum, when the leader was out of the room.
New to the industry and therefore brings no experience to the table. The context would dictate that you use a directive approach and tell them to get out of the office. In an important review of the leadership literature published inRalph Stogdill concluded that the existing research had not demonstrated the utility of the trait approach.
This is a very appropriate style for work involving serious safety risks such as working with machinery, with toxic substances, at heights or where large sums of money are involved such as cash-handling.
The adaptive leader seeks to foster a culture that collects and honors diversity of opinion and uses this collective knowledge for the good of the organization. Characteristics of subordinates that may substitute for leadership include ability, experience, training, and job-related knowledge.
Motivation and Leadership at Work. Autocratic leaders make decisions without consulting their teams. Democratic or Participative leadership Participative or democratic leaders decentralise authority. The assumption of the leader behavior approach was that there were certain behaviors that would be universally effective for leaders.
Functional Theory This theory focuses especially on the behaviors needed to help a group to improve its effectiveness and achieve its goals.
Without those barriers, the glass ceiling goes away. Whereas the Transformational Leader has a basic focus of transforming the organization and, quite possibly, their followers, the Charismatic Leader may not want to change anything. Each of these approaches to leadership is briefly described in the paragraphs that follow.In response to the early criticisms of the trait approach, theorists began to research leadership as a set of behaviors, evaluating the behavior of successful leaders, determining a behavior taxonomy, and identifying broad leadership styles.
David McClelland, for example, posited that leadership takes a strong personality with a well-developed positive ego. WHAT IS LEADERSHIP? Different Definitions.
Books and trainings about leadership often start by defining leadership. It is based on the premise that if you can come to your own definition, then you will be more clear about whether you are successfully leading or not, and you will be able to explain to your followers how you are leading them and why.
Online Newsletter March - Management / Leadership Styles Updated Leadership That Gets Results Transactional vs.
Transformation Leadership Theory X and Theory Y. Adizes Management Styles. Dr. Adizes proposes that the fundamental role of management for any team, department, company, family, or even country, can be defined by just four basic functions.
As leadership expert Warren Bennis once stated, "leadership is the capacity to translate vision into reality." Great leaders possess dazzling social intelligence, a zest for change, and above all. Great leaders choose their leadership styles like a golfer chooses a club: with a clear understanding of the end goal and the best tool for the job.
“Management is doing things right.Download